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Recarpeting - Choosing a Carpet Part II - Colour, texture, pattern, types

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Recarpeting - Choosing a Carpet Part II - Colour, texture, pattern, types

Carpet is a durable choice of floor covering, which is soft on your feet, and your ears. Carpet insulates for warmth and sound, and is an affordable renovation option. Price will be a high consideration when buying carpet, but it is important to know what is out there and make an informed choice. The Carpet Institute of Australia not only give information about carpet grading, but also information about different types of carpet, colours, textures and patterns.

Colour is one decision that needs to be made in regards to carpet. Light, cool colours will open up a room, while dark, rich colours will close it in, as will repeated patterns. Decide whether the carpet will be a blank canvas for the rest of the room, or whether it will blend with the rest of the room, or whether it will stand out. Look at the existing furniture and consider the overall look that will be created. The colour of the walls, furniture and curtains will have a definite impact on what colour carpet should be laid.

Patterned carpet with lots of different colours can be a dazzling feature in a room; however can also look very wrong. It can clash with furniture, be harsh on the eyes, and may start to become annoying. Patterns need to fit with the carpet- electric patterns with lots of bold colours may not go with that period couch. Patterned carpet in one colour or shades of the same colour, on the other hand, may give a room that special touch and bring it to life. As with colour, the main consideration should be the rest of the room- the walls and furniture.

The surface of the carpet can have a variety of textures, which are created by the different ways of making the carpet. There are three types of surface textures, cut pile styles, loop pile styles and styles made up of combinations of the two.

The frieze or hard twist is a cut pile stile made up of highly twisted tufts that curl slightly at the surface. This textured finish is created by heat setting the twisted tufts.

The Saxony style is a high pile cut pile style, which flairs at the end of the tuft. The result is a smooth surface, and other similar styles are the plush or velvet cut pile styles.

Yarns tufted into bunches of higher cut tufts and lower loop tufts is known as cut and loop. This textured pattern comes in many shapes, combinations and forms.

The berber loop is made from thicker years which are tufted into chunky loop tufts and have a mottled or earthy appearance.

The sisal or cord style refers to a textured loop pile carpet, which looks like a mat. The loop lines are either uniform in height or arranged in an alternating sequence of high and low loop rows.

A loop carpet consists of loop pile with uniform tufts height in a tight construction.

The fibre of a carpet usually has little relevance to its quality. The construction of the carpet and the quality of the raw materials is more important, and these factors are considered in the carpet grading scheme. In Australia, the three major fibres used in carpets are nylon (polyamide), wool and polypropylene (polyolefin). Some carpets are made of blends of these fibres, for example 80 per cent wool mixed with 20 per cent nylon is a common blend.

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